“It is better to be Socrates dissatisfied than a pig satisfied; better to be Socrates dissatisfied than a fool satisfied. And if the fool, or the pig, are of a different opinion, it is because they only know their own side of the question. The other party to the comparisons knows both sides.”-John Stuart Mill
Well, the pig or the fool might be happy because they are satisfied, but in their satisfaction, they don’t have any choice or knowledge of all the possibilities that lie beyond their current state. And unfortunately our current state of education seems to be driven by the interest of the pig and the fool.
There is a common tendency among intelligentsia to advocate a utilitarian model of education where the sole function of education is to impart vocational skills for the accumulation of wealth to satisfy pigs and fools. Any other educational roles become subservient to this primary function. This lot of intelligentsia takes a lot of pride in flogging the outdated model of education that according to them seems hell bent on presenting every student with the identical bouquet of ice cream flavours (subjects) in the name of education.
There is often an allegation that Liberal Education does not teach us how to advance our manufactures or improve our lands, or to better our economy; if it does not make someone a lawyer, an engineer, or a surgeon, or if it does not lead to discoveries in chemistry, astrophysics, geology, and science of any kind, then what’s the use of having that liberal education?
In fact, the commonly accepted policy framework for every tertiary educational institution is that they are business enterprises responding to the vocational and consumption aspirations of paying students in a competitive market environment.
That’s the very reason, advocates of Utilitarian education model believes in equating education to job training. And if getting job is the only purpose, then basic language skill and mathematical skill are more or less sufficient to make everyone job worthy. According to them, educational institutions are nothing but a credentialing machine.
The educational institutes usually serve the purpose of signaling certain qualities like intelligence, diligence, compliance, and conformity to potential employers. As a result, there is a widespread clamour among students to get themselves validated through higher degree; as it presumably increases the probability of landing a well paying job.
The undercurrent of this line of thought usually gets a strong expression when students are told to work their ass off to score exceptionally well on standardised test so that they become eligible to pursue further studies in prestigious STEM field. More often than not, every other stream is at the mercy of the STEM field to attract the rest of the talented lot.
As long as we don’t find any fault in subscribing to a free market doctrine —— only skills and experiences that are directly convertible to income are useful; the need for education system to make itself sufficiently market aligned will always remain the top priority, where it keeps thriving by serving as a certification agency.
As a result, we often stumble upon people who don’t shy away from making sarcastic argument that if subjects like trigonometry, history, geography, French is taught in schools; how much of it is retained by students and how much of it is used at work.
Prima facie the argument seems strong enough to hold its ground, but this narrow construction of educational objective often forgets that there is more to life than work.
And are we really convinced beyond doubt that the job market should dictate the curriculum of our education system?
Because historically Vocational training institutes have been doing the same; fulfilling the industry specific demand for a particular set of skills — exemplifying the utilitarian model of education.
Should the entire curriculum be made hostage to occupational prospect existing in the current job market?
Which means if there is a growth in demand for sectors like internet pornography or fake news for social media platforms, then is it the obligation of education institutes to train work force for those fields?
The premise that acquisition of knowledge only help someone to grab a high-paying job is a very limited in its scope.
Gaining knowledge through education is as much about knowing the functional world as it is about knowing yourself. In fact, so called non utility subjects like literature, history, and philosophy plays a critical role in shaping a well rounded personality with mature perspectives.
This is possible only if these subjects are taught with some fun & flair. Rather, what we witness in schools is a mad race of students to perform exceptionally well in all the subjects including these non utility ones. The entire focus is on higher grades —— parents have desire for it, students have aspirations for it, teachers have expectations for it. When all three stakeholders are on the same page as far as acquisition of grade is concerned, the primary objective of knowledge gain through education is often relegated to back burner.
Expecting a student to perform exceptionally well in all the subjects is nothing but madness. What we are doing is snatching an opportunity from students to appreciate those facets of subjects which helps them in having fun while trying to solve the zig saw puzzle of life.
A doctor who is not exposed to the concept of empathy might succeed in becoming a good doctor but will fail to become an exceptional healer having widespread respect among his patients.
An architect who is yet to inculcate a habit of appreciating the history of beautiful artistic expression through monuments might become a professional architect but will fail to become an exceptional artistic designer capable of making someone stop and appreciate the creative beauty.
Therefore, what we need is not the overhauling of educational vehicle so that it end up becoming a formula one race car. Instead what we require is taking some steam off the pedal so that vehicle could run on cruise mode. Once students along with parents and teachers are made to understand the futility of unnecessary racing, the aspirations of the pig and the fool to excel in every subject would give way to the joyful experience of stress-free learning.
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